Trigger Finger Treatment in Louisville, KY
Trigger finger is a painful condition that causes one finger to “catch” during movement and then get locked in a bent position as if it were squeezing the trigger of a gun. The affected finger must then be manually straightened with the other hand. Also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, trigger finger occurs when a tendon sheath in a finger becomes irritated and inflamed.
Normally, a tendon glides smoothly within its sheath, but inflammation can narrow the space around the tendon and interfere with its movement. Inflammation around a finger tendon sheath can result from arthritis, diabetes, gout, or wear and tear from repetitive finger motions, such as those involved in gardening or playing a musical instrument.
What Are the Symptoms of Trigger Finger?
The affected finger may feel stiff and tender, and a snapping or popping sensation may be felt during movement. Typically, the discomfort will worsen with rest and improve with physical activity. As trigger finger advances, a visible bump may form on the tendon in the palm.
Trigger finger usually produces distinctive symptoms, but a hand specialist at Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic in Louisville, Kentucky, can diagnose the condition after examining the affected finger and hand. Specifically, the physician will check for tender areas, evaluate the affected finger’s motion, and look for evidence of locking.
How Is Trigger Finger Treated?
Trigger finger treatment can vary based on the severity of the symptoms. A mild case may resolve on its own after a period of rest. During the healing process, it is important to avoid activities that “trigger” the symptoms, such as gripping and grasping objects with the affected hand. A finger splint can restrict movement and allow the inflammation to subside, and gentle exercises can improve the flexibility of the stiff finger.
To address moderate trigger finger symptoms, a physician may suggest a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to relieve pain and inflammation, or a steroid injection administered near or into the inflamed tendon sheath to reduce swelling. In a severe case, surgery may be considered to enlarge the tendon tunnel so that the tendon can more easily glide through it.
Consult With a Hand Specialist in Louisville
If you’d like to explore your trigger finger treatment options with a hand specialist at Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic, contact us today to schedule an appointment at our location in Louisville KY.