Compartment Syndrome Treated by Orthopedic Specialists in Louisville, KY

Male runner clutching his painful knee

Compartment syndrome is a painful condition that occurs when pressure builds up in an enclosed bundle of muscles, blood vessels, and nerve fibers, usually in an arm or leg. Because this “compartment” is held in place by an inflexible band of connective tissue (fascia), it cannot expand to accommodate swelling or bleeding within it. The resulting pressure can inhibit the circulation of oxygen-rich blood to the muscles and nerves, leading to symptoms such as pain, numbness, and tingling sensations. Usually, the pain intensifies when the muscles within the compartment are stretched.

Acute compartment syndrome is a medical emergency that develops suddenly, usually due to swelling or internal bleeding caused by a traumatic injury, such as a bone fracture or muscle strain. The condition can also develop gradually and become chronic with high-impact endurance exercise that involves repetitive motion, such as long-distance running.

How Is Compartment Syndrome Treated?

Acute compartment syndrome requires immediate surgical treatment. The procedure, which is known as a fasciotomy, involves making an incision in the skin and fascia covering the affected compartment. The goal is to create space to accommodate the swelling or bleeding. Once the problematic swelling or bleeding subsides, the incision is closed.

Chronic compartment syndrome may resolve on its own with rest and activity modifications. During the healing process, some patients benefit from:

  • Cross-training with low-impact activities
  • Physical therapy
  • Orthotics
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

To address severe symptoms that do not respond to these treatments, an elective fasciotomy may be an option.

We’ll Help You Get Back on the Move

If you have symptoms of compartment syndrome, you can have your injury evaluated by a board-certified orthopedic surgeon at Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic in Louisville, Kentucky. After determining the extent of your injury with the aid of comprehensive imaging studies, your specialist can recommend the optimal treatment approach. We offer a full range of treatment options for compartment syndrome—both conservative and surgical—as well as sport-specific training to promote recovery, restore muscle strength and flexibility, and help ensure a safe return to physical activity.

Contact Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic today to request a personal consultation at our full-service sports medicine center in Louisville, KY.

What our patients are saying
Shaun H.
I was able to get a office visit on short notice. It seemed to be a very busy day. Rebecca took the time to listen to all of my issues and discuss a plan for additional treatment. I have always been impressed with her knowledge and bed side manner.
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Dr Goodin has replaced both of my knees this year with excellent results. He and Carly listen to my concerns, act promptly and work hard to make this journey the best it can be. Carly and Dr Goodin both have GREAT bedside manner and I feel I am in expert care with them.
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Dr. Yakkanti did my knee replacement in June. He is an excellent surgeon with a great bedside manner. I have recovered nicely and plan to have my other knee replaced within the next year. I would highly recommend Dr. Yakkanti to anyone thinking about knee replacement!
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The New Albany office of Louisville Orthopedic is full of terrific people who know what excellent customer service is about! From the front desk to the lab, they are great. Doctor Lewis is my surgeon and I love him. He’s good at what he does and he’s compassionate. I would recommend him to anyone.
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This was my first time at Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic and I saw Melissa Parshall PA-C. I was very impressed with how fast I got in, had x-rays, and met with her. She was very thorough and extremely friendly. So glad A friend told me to come see you guys! Thank you!
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Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic

4130 Dutchman's Lane,
Suite 300,Louisville 40207
(502) 897-1794

Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic

1425 State St.,
,New Albany 47150
(812) 920-0408

Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic
4130 Dutchman's Lane
Suite 300
Louisville, KY 40207

Louisville Orthopaedic Clinic
1425 State St.
New Albany, IN 47150